Surgical procedures of the foot and ankle are generally performed for relief of pain, restoration of function, and reconstruction of deformities. They may have the additional benefit of improved appearance. Surgical procedures performed for aesthetic purposes carry the same risks as those performed for medical reasons. Patients considering surgery of the foot or ankle, whether for medical or aesthetic reasons, are advised to consult a member of the American Podiatric Medical Association. Podiatrists performing surgery for medical or aesthetic reasons should have appropriate training, experience, and credentials to properly perform the surgery, manage the post-operative care, and treat the possible complications. Podiatrists are uniquely qualified to diagnose and treat the foot, ankle, and related structures based upon their education, training, and experience.